GV2 腰俞 (yāo shū)
""There must be perfect chastity in thought, word and deed. Without it the practice of Raja Yoga is dangerous, and may lead to insanity." ~ Swami Vivekananda, Raja Yoga
Identifying the point as a chakra
Between the first and the second chakra, Guru Gorakshanath names yonisthana or kamarupa, which he describes as a four-fingered space between the anus and the sexual organ that serves as the "image of desire." It is at last partially identified with the triangle of the muladhara and represents the body's creative power.
Guru Gorakshanath also describes another organ located below the navel and above the male organ. Called kandayoni, niddicakra, or kanda, it is shaped like a bird's egg and is the origination point of the 72,000 nadis. It is said that Kundalini lies coiled above the kanda.
|Click image for explanation, from Cyndi Dale's book|
In the Bhagavad Gita there is a mention of कंदर्पः Kandarpa, Krishna says
"I am Kandarpa (the personified creative consciousness), the cause of childbirths"
Paramahansa Yogananda explains the nature of this consciousness (I read this with the Kanda chakra in mind):
Kandarpa is another name of Kamadeva, "Desire; th god of love." He is popularly compared to the Greek god Eros and the Roman Cupid. In the original Vedic concept of Kama, however, he represents the first awakening desire of the One Spirt to become many. Kandarpa is God's all-creative cosmic consciousness, the Creator-Dreamer of all cosmic dreams and their objects and beings. Through this consciousness, the God created the symbolic "Adam and Eve" by an active of special creation, individualizations of His dream consciousness. Then, through His law of evolution, He empowered these beings to procreate their own species. It is God's Kandarpa, or all-creative consciousness, manifesting through parents that is responsible for the begetting of children."
This is why Rohini is associated with creativity, but it is creativity associated with conception. The entire universe in the human being, the soul incarnate in a human body from a human egg and its astral equivalent in Kanda chakra out of which the 72,000 nadis emerge connecting every chakra and creating the aura:
|link from Google (original source unknown)|
An allegory about sexual restraint / spiritual celibacy
In Krittika we had the muladhara chakra represented through Ganesha as Kartikeya ("son of the Krittikas") and now we have the kanda part of the root chakra system represented through another of aspect of Ganesha in Skanda ("attacker") स्कान्द. The word Kanda कन्द is in Skanda. Paramahansa Yogananda writes:
"Allegoically, Skanda, "Attacker," represents self-control, the leading warrior of the discriminative faculties in their fight with the sense-bound mental faculties. It is the spiritual quality of self-control that drives Ego and its armies of sense desires from the bodily kingdom and establishes therein the reign of King Soul."
This ties in very well with the mythological story of the three nakshatras that I associate with the sacral chakra...
With Rohini, Mrigasira and Ardra we have a very unified story in the mythology associated with these three nakshatras told in the Rig Veda and other places recounted in Vic DiCara's book 27 Stars, 27 Gods: The Astrological Mythology of Ancient India.
Bramha is the creative force in the universe. He creates everything so it is impossible for him to take a wife without being incestuous. He goes after the beautiful Rohini (Rohini means "red one" referring to the associated star) who then turns herself into a deer to get away from him (the deer or deer's head is the main symbol of Mrigasira nakshatra) but Brahma is so full of lust he turns himself into a stag. Then Siva appears and shoots him down (this is Ardra completing the story).
What's really going on here? When you see these three nakshatras as purification stages at the sacral chakra level (swadisthana) it makes sense. There is a yogic exercise of pulling up the prana from the sacral chakra, from the procreative fluids that would have been used in procreation, resisting the lustful urge to spend it in a sexual act (because sex depletes the body of its vitality) and rather to conserve that energy by adding it to the body's vital storage of prana (chi) in the navel chakra. As a practitioner this mythology speaks to me in these terms.
I see Rohini as the procreative sexual energy in all its innocence; Mrigasira as the energy of lust - that flies with the speed of a deer chasing or being chased; and Ardra as the restraining order transmuting that lust into vitality that can be reclaimed by the solar plexus and used to revitalize the body and to become like a sixteen year old again.
The sacral chakra is the abode of Kundalini, and where she begins in the form of sexual energy, to rise up the sushumna becoming more refined in her expressions as long as we do our bit and restrain ourselves from temptations. Nothing wrong with sex, but there are far greater "orgasms" in the head and a far greater lover awaits in the Soma Chakra for the seeker who is willing to practice restraint and allow the energy to move beyond this seductive centre into the ecstasy and rapture of enlightened bliss. All the lower centers have corresponding places in the head chakras. Mind is connected to everything. That's why quadriplegics can have orgasms.
To me the Rohini energy is very young sexual energy, very procreative and very earth bound, so no wonder this one expresses pure Taurus energy.
Hiranyagarbha, Prajapati's egg
In the Vedic cosmology the kanda that is within us becomes identified with the collective kanda, called Hiranyagarbha associated with the ruler of Rohini, Prajapati (and in the Rig Veda Hiranyagarbha is used synonymously with Prajapti). Different scriptures name it differently, depending on context. In the Guru Gita it is called in Sanskrit Pinda (but it's used metaphorically). This must be like the subtle auric field of the macrocosm, as in the human being.
All that grows in our world comes out of an egg, in the same way that all 72 thousand nadis come out of the kanda/kandasthana in our own individual subtle bodies. At least that's true in relationship to the body because the aum (represented by Shravana G21) is the primordeal sound out of which prana-as-sound ripples into every nadi and every chakra petal, through the Nataraja dance represented by Shravistha/Danishtha (GV22) - but these are on a more subtle level because our aura actual has levels to it and Rohini is more associated with the physical body, an etheric layer which is more gross (the one ghosts hang on to). In Max Muller's commentary on his translation of the Upanishads, which I am at this writing reading, I find it very interesting that the Sanskrit word kapila - kalipam meaning reddish, fiery (Rohini is the reddish star) is used for Hiranyagarbha. Red is also associated with the root chakra.
Notice that 72 reversed is 27, the number of the nakshatras excluding Abhijit. 72 is also a number associated with precession. Is this a subtle hint that the 27 nakshatras are related to the nadis, channels for the movement of energy and therefore the fluctuations (vrittis) of mind? Only Abhijit, representing the dhruva (pole star) is fixed in the sky and in our minds as the Krishna star associated with the fully self-realized being in human manifestation, the Christ Consciousness, the one who is fully human and fully divine in perfection. Thus the cosmic egg represented in the sky and in us as GV2 Rohini holds all potentially in the human experience. No wonder Jyestha, GV16, at the top of the medulla pillar sitting between mastery of the elements and at the beginning of self-mastery relative to the brow chakra, the "eldest" in the worldly scheme of things, the magician tarot card (in my opinion) - no wonder Jyestha is so jealous of Rohini, the favoured wife of Chandra (mind). Rohini holds ALL potentiality in the world of form including not only human but mineral, plant, animal and the planets and stars and all the dimensions of Maya. There is no austerity for Rohini. She is the proverbial younger woman that men who tire of their wives often chase after (if only in their dreams). She is temptation too, although she does nothing to invite it. She just is...innocence, purity and pure potentiality in manifestation.
The nakshatra system is such beautifully worked out poetry, an allegory of Truth in me, above me, and beyond me.
|Unity in diversity - comparative embryology|
Chinese lunar mansion 昴 Mao
|GV2 昴 Mao "Hairy head /The Constellation / Pelaides” [Rohini]|